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A DESCRIPTION OF THE KINGDOM OF TONQUEEN

In 1676, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier published his book Les six voyages de Jean Baptiste Tavernier, écuyer baron d’Aubonne, en Turquie, en Perse, et aux Indes. The book presented his brother’s observations, Daniel Tavernier, who traveled to the kingdom of Tonqueen.

Samuel Baron was a son of Hendrik Baron and a Tonqueenese woman. In 1650, Hendrik Baron was in charge of a Dutch house at Faifo and the chief port of Cochin-China before returning to Tonqueen to head the Dutch affairs as Chief Factor of the Dutch factory in Tonqueen during 1660-1664 until his death on 1664. Samuel Baron arrived in the kingdom of Tonqueen in 1862 and stayed the next year to observe the funeral pomp of the chova or general of Tonqueen. He was living in Tonqueen during the years 1678-1682.

Samuel Baron found Jean-Baptiste Tavernier’s book some inaccurate information and errors. He criticized Tavernier’s book and mentioned that “the story that M. Taverniere relates to have happened whilst his brother was at Tonqueen, it is only a fiction.”

As a Tonqueenese native, Samual Baron wrote his notes A description of the kingdom of Tonqueen which was published first in 1732 in the book A Collection of Voyages and Travels, by Awnsham and John Churchill in the volume 6. Baron’s A description of the kingdom of Tonqueen was re-published in the volume 9, A General Collection of the Best and Most Interesting Voyages and Travels, edited by John Pinkerton in 1811.

Readers will find Baron’s interesting observations and discovers in Tonqueen and get worthy information on the seventeen century of the kingdom of Tonqueen.

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